Research Highlights

Cutting Cakes and Splitting Rent – Combinatorics and Fair Division
How do you divide a cake fairly among several people with different preferences? How do you assign rooms and divide the rent among roommates so that no one envies the room and portion of rent paid by the other? Both of these are questions of fairdivision, and mathematicians have shown that answers can be found […]

IAS Special Year 20172018: Analysis and Topology on Locally Symmetric Spaces
The subject of the special year was locally symmetric spaces. Examples of these highly symmetric objects are the hyperbolic geometries investigated by Bianchi in the 19th century (the first illustration (on the left) is from Bianchi’s 1893 paper) and a 6dimensional space parameterizing all possible threedimensional lattices up to rotation (the second illustration (on the […]

Minimizing PFrame Energy
Figure 1. Projections of a configuration on the unit sphere in , consisting of the coordinate axes and vertices of the inscribed hemicube; i.e., the black vertices of the cube in a black and white coloring with alternating order. The 64 total vertices of the 6dimensional cube give 32 vertices of the hemicube; […]

SAMSI Blog: Where are you Gonna go when the Volcano blow?
This article provided by Bruce Pitman, Professor in the Department of Materials Design and Innovation School of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Buffalo. It highlights how the practice of statistics is used to mitigate risk hazards during natural disasters, such […]

Math careers in academia
What is like to live the life of a math professor? There are many answers to this question, and they very much depend upon the nature of the mathematician’s institution. A professor at a private research university will have a different set of responsibilities and priorities to one at a liberal […]

Undergraduate Proves a Conjecture in the Theory of Water Waves
Seung Wook So, an undergraduate participant in ICERM’s Spring 2017 program on “Singularities and Waves In Incompressible Fluids,” discovered a proof of a conjecture in the theory of water waves. The question of how steep traveling water waves can become has a long history, going back at least to Stokes [Sto47]. During the ICERM program, […]

Accelerating molecular dynamics to reach unprecedented simulation times with atomistic accuracy
Molecular dynamics (MD), the numerical integration of the equations of motions of atoms and molecules, is one of the most powerful tools available to materials scientists, chemists, and biologists, because it provides a fully resolved view of the spatiotemporal evolution of materials. Because of its unparalleled predictive power, MD is extensively used to understand and […]

Why Zebrafish (Almost) Always Have Stripes
Words by Jeff Grabmeier, Ohio State News, grabmeier.1@osu.edu One of the most remarkable things about the iconic yellow and blue stripes of zebrafish is that they reliably appear at all. Zebrafish begin life as transparent embryos, with three types of pigment cells on their skin. As they develop, the […]

DatatoBorn Transform for Imaging with Waves
Imaging medium properties with waves is ubiquitous in geophysical seismic exploration, medical ultrasound diagnostics, nondestructive evaluation and testing of structures, radar and sonar surveying, etc. Most commonly, one obtains an image by probing the medium of interest with wave pulses emitted and recorded by an array of sensors. Typically, the image is based on the […]

SAMSI Research Develops Improved Estimates of Ocean Heat Content Changes
Ongoing research at the Statistical and Applied Mathematical Sciences Institute (SAMSI) has produced improved estimates of ocean heat content leading to a better understanding of which regions of the ocean are warming up and which ones are cooling down. This animation shows monthly vertically integrated ocean heat content anomalies for 20072016 using data from Argo […]