Commutators in SL_2 and Markoff Surfaces

December 8, 2021
We discuss a local to global profinite principle for being a commutator in some arithmetic groups. Specifically we show that SL2(Z) satisfies such a principle, while it can fail with infinitely many exceptions for SL2(Z[1/p]). The source of the failure is a reciprocity obstruction to the integral Hasse Principle for cubic Markoff surfaces. Joint work with Amit Ghosh and Chen Meiri.